Vacant Positions

Background

The Child Rights Connect Working Group on Children and Violence brings together a number of international civil society organisations doing advocacy on child rights and human rights, and working in particular to end violence against children. The group coordinates actions of members particularly with regards to human and child rights institutions in Geneva, and aims to speak with one voice on issues of violence against children in the relevant human rights and international development spaces in Geneva, and beyond. To support its advocacy with the Human Rights Council (HRC) and the Committee on the Rights of the Children (CRC Committee), as well as with the Permanent Missions in Geneva and with national governments at country level, including as part of the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the WG has started in 2018 a review of the work done so far by the HRC and CRC Committee on the issue of violence against children. With evidence of progress and gaps in its hands, the WG would be able to: a) inform its advocacy with HRC and CRC Committee on issues of violence against children, b) mobilize the member states of the HRC to prioritize issues of ending violence in their recommendations, c) provide new evidence to civil society advocates at national level, to inform alternative reporting processes and ongoing work to support the implementation of existing HRC recommendations and CRC Committee concluding observations around ending violence against children.

Target audience

Primary: WGCAV; all Missions of States members of or participating in the Human Rights Council; Members of the Committee on the Rights of the Child; Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights.

Secondary: UN agencies and civil society organisations active on human and child rights issues.

 

Objectives & use of the research

The objective of the proposed review is to identify achievements, trends and gaps related to ending violence against children in the work of the Human Rights Council and the Committee on the Rights of the Child, for the Child Rights Connect Working Group on Children and Violence and its members to conduct evidence-based advocacy to end violence against children at global and national level. It is expected that at least one of the products (advocacy brief) of this research will be made available publicly and used for advocacy in Geneva, other global hubs and at country level. This work is contributing to monitoring the implementation of the SDGs related to ending violence against children from a child rights perspective.

This research is foundational for the WG CAV, in that it would establish a baseline against which its future joint advocacy in Geneva would be measured. It would provide the evidence base for WG’s recommendations and support to Member States engaged in human rights reporting mechanisms, and to the human rights institutions and mechanisms themselves, as well as tease out the implications of the human/child rights agendas for the broader sustainable development agenda.

 

Scope

Geographic coverage: 47 countries, see list in annex 1. The selection is based on a mix of the following criteria: a) where most WG member organizations are present; b) regional balance; c) balance between development and humanitarian contexts; d) countries that are Pathfinding; e) countries included in the Child Rights Now report.

Violence issues: see list in annex 2.

Time coverage: last five years of HRC resolutions, latest UPR cycle and two latest CRC reporting cycles for countries included in the research.

 

Research questions

  1. How many HRC resolutions approved during the last five years have been related to ending violence against children (fully or partially)? Which issues of violence against children have been the most and least mentioned in those resolutions? Which HRC member states have most and least frequently sponsored resolutions to end violence against children? The background analysis to answer this question has been done.
  2. How many Universal Periodic Review (UPR) recommendations have been related to violence against children (within the last UPR cycle)? Which issues of violence against children have been the most and least mentioned in those UPR recommendations? Which HRC member states have most and least frequently received UPR recommendations related to ending violence against children (within the last UPR cycle)? Which HRC member states have most and least frequently made UPR recommendations related to ending violence against children (within the last UPR cycle)? To what extent have HRC member states receiving UPR recommendations related to violence against children accepted, noted or rejected them? What issues related to violence against children included in UPR recommendations have been the most and least accepted, noted or rejected by HRC member states? The background analysis to answer this question has been partially done.
  3. Which issues related to violence against children have been the most and least mentioned in the Concluding Observations of the CRC Committee (most recent cycle)? To what extent are the concluding observations related to ending violence including a gender dimension and/or providing for girls and boys separately? To what extent are the concluding observations related to ending violence formulated in a SMART[1] way? The background analysis to answer this question has been done.
  4. Comparing the CRC concluding observations related to violence from Q3 with the UPR recommendations related to violence from Q2 for the same country, what are the differences and overlaps? To what extent is there a correlation between the reservations made by the relevant member states on the CRC and the issues related to violence against children raised by the CRC Committee and UPR recommendations? For this question, we may consider prioritising a sub-set of countries only.
  5. For Pathfinding countries only: Comparing the findings from the previous questions with the information included in the End Violence Factsheets for the same countries, what are the main developments in the Pathfinding countries that respond to the relevant CRC concluding observations and UPR recommendations made to that state?
  6. For countries included in the Child Rights Now (CRN) reports only: Comparing the findings from the previous questions with the information included in the CRN reports for the same countries, what are the main developments in the relevant countries that respond to the CRC concluding observations made to that State? Did the States take action on EVAC that corresponded to the recommendations they received from either CRC or UPR?
  7. In conclusion, how relevant and effective have the reviewed human rights mechanisms been in terms of ending violence against children, and what could be some recommendations to improve their accountability function vis à vis States?

 

Tasks

  1. Review and verify the preliminary findings of the analysis conducted in 2018 and 2019 by a group of interns (covering largely Qs 1, 2 and 3) and identify any major gaps that would require additional research (i.e. in terms of the issues and countries covered, depth of the analysis, etc.).
  2. Conduct any additional analysis to complete Q 2, and conduct research to answer Qs 4, 5 and 5.
  3. Agree on an outline for the report and brief with WG CAV members.
  4. Draft a report and brief – at least two revisions for each are expected.

 

Methodology

Desk review and textual analysis of online documentation in English.

 

Outputs

A 10-page summary report, by end of May 2020.

A 4-page advocacy brief, by end of May 2020.

 

Management

The consultant (home-based) will be hired and supervised by one member organisation of the WG CAV.

 

Quality assurance and review

The WG CAV members will act as an advisory group, providing substantive inputs and dedicated review to the draft and final outputs. The outputs will be shared for external review with a few experts from UNICEF, OHCHR, the Global Partnership to End Violence against Children and other partner agencies that collaborate with the WG CAV on advocacy around ending violence against children.

 

Timeline

10 days between April and May 2020.

 

Qualifications

Contractor with 10+ years of expertise and a track record of policy-oriented research, publications and advocacy in child rights, child protection, violence against children, international relations/development, law, public policy, or other related subject; familiarity with human rights mechanisms and institutions; outstanding English writing skills; strong ability to analyse and synthesize a lot of information into digestible bits.

 

How to apply

Please submit your proposal, including daily fee and a CV to genevavacancies(at)arigatouinternational.org by 31 March 2020.

 

 

 

 

Annex 1 – Countries included in this review

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Armenia
  3. Bangladesh
  4. Bolivia
  5. Brazil
  6. Burkina Faso
  7. Cambodia
  8. Canada
  9. Colombia
  10. Cote d’Ivoire
  11. Democratic Republic of Congo
  12. Dominican Republic
  13. El Salvador
  14. Georgia
  15. Ghana
  16. Greece
  17. Guatemala
  18. Haiti
  19. Honduras
  20. India
  21. Indonesia
  22. Jamaica
  23. Japan
  24. Jordan
  25. Kenya
  26. Lebanon
  27. Mali
  28. Mexico
  29. Mongolia
  30. Montenegro
  31. Nepal
  32. Nicaragua
  33. Nigeria
  34. Pakistan
  35. Paraguay
  36. Peru
  37. The Philippines
  38. Romania
  39. Senegal
  40. Sierra Leone
  41. South Africa
  42. Sri Lanka
  43. Sweden
  44. Tanzania
  45. Uganda
  46. United Arab Emirates
  47. Zambia



 

Annex 2 – Violence against children issues & related keywords used in the research

 

Sexual violence and exploitation 
Sexual violence/Sexual exploitation/Sexual abuse/Child prostitution/pornography/Sexual slavery

Child marriage
Child/early marriage

Corporal punishment
Corporal punishment/Hazing

Female genital mutilation

Street children

Trafficking

Child labour and exploitation
Child labour/child slavery/sexual slavery

Children affected by armed conflict

Child soldiers

Neglect
Violence at home/neglect/Physical and emotional neglect

Bullying

Emotional abuse

Online violence
Online violence/IT/ICT

Armed violence

Children deprived of liberty
Deprivation of liberty/Violence against children deprived of liberty/Age of criminal resp

 

[1] Specific – target a specific area for improvement. Measurable – quantify or at least suggest an indicator of progress. Achievable – specify who will do it, e.g. which Minister/institution. Realistic – state what results can realistically be achieved, given available resources. Time-related – specify by when the result(s) should be achieved (e.g. next reporting period or earlier).